By Tony Penston

A Concise Grammar for English Language lecturers - это новая редакция очень популярной грамматики A Grammar path for TEFL certificates. Эта книга является, пожалуй, единственно действительно удобной грамматикой для преподавателей английского языка .... находка для тех, кто раньше «боялся» английской грамматики. Ясно и четко рассматривает проблемные моменты, с которыми обычно сталкиваются учителя, например, распознавание времен и их употребление, условия, вспомогательные глаголы, относительные предложения и т.д.
Включает в себя множество заметок к преподаванию с практическими рекомендациями, а также раздел, посвященный анализу и коррекции ошибок, демонстрирует использование доски и парной-работы. Если вы совершенствуете свой английский самостоятельно или на заочных курсах - это пособие будет очень полезным для вас.

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If Martha sang a Jimmy Buffet song, did she create something or affect something already in existence? If Ali baked a cake, did he create something or merely cook a preexisting entity? These are clearly gray areas. But the fact that not all direct objects can be neatly categorized doesn't diminish the value of these semantic distinctions. Locative Direct Objects Sometimes noun phrases expressing location are used as direct objects. Sir Edmund climbed Mt. Everest. Diana swam the English Channel.

Out of context, we don't know whether the following subjects are acting deliberately or not. Butch disgusts everyone. The child amused the adults. Professor Smith intimidates her students. Of course inanimate entities lack intention or volition by their very nature. Causers can be things like rocks, forces like tornadoes, or abstract qualities like love. Hail cracked our windshield. Oil stained the carpet. A hurricane damaged the village. The Subject 17 The wind broke the window. The revolution terrified the king.

I saved Jill a seat. I saved a seat for Jill. Betty poured Bert some milk. Betty poured some milk for Bert. She ordered Talia some software. She ordered some software for Talia. I found you a sweater. I found a sweater for you. Mickey fried Minnie an egg. Mickey fried an egg for Minnie. , Vivian asked the Dean a question versus Vivian asked a question of the Dean. Most truly ditransitive verbs require both a direct object and an indirect object for grammaticality. While I handed Paulette the shovel is a perfectly grammatical sentence, *I handed Paulette and *J handed the shovel are ungrammatical.

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