By Samuel David Epstein, Erich M. Groat, Ruriko Kawashima, Hisatsugu Kitahara

A primary thought in all syntactic theories is that of a syntactic relation among syntactic items. whereas fresh paintings within the Minimalist Framework has tried to give an explanation for the character of syntactic items by way of basic and conceptually important assumptions in regards to the language school, the relatives that carry among syntactic gadgets has no longer been equally explored. The authors begin such an exploration and argue that convinced basic kinfolk comparable to c-command, dominance, and checking relatives may be defined inside a derivational method of structure-building.This procedure has major results about the structure of the syntactic part. Semantic and phonological interpretation don't need to function upon the output phrase-structure illustration created via the syntactic derivation. Interpretation is extra without problems computed derivationally, by means of examining the stairs of a derivation, instead of the only output constitution created via it. the result's a brand new and arguable level-free version of the syntactic component to the human language school. This topical and well timed Minimalist research will curiosity expert and theoretical linguists, syntacticians, and someone drawn to modern ways to syntactic concept.

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Extra resources for A Derivational Approach to Syntactic Relations

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Assuming for simplicity a structure without functional heads, we have (31) The generalization to be accounted for is that the specifier asymmetrically C-commands the complement. The derivation of (31) is as follows, given cyclic Merge: The Derivation of Syntactic Relations 43 Notice that DJohn was never a member of some tree that did not contain Dhimself. Rather, Merge2 pairs/concatenates DJohn itself (a member of the Numeration) with a tree containing Dhimself. , does not block) a Ccommand relation from John (= T1 of (27)) to himself (= T2 of (27)).

Given that (12b) yields either the LF representation (17) or the LF representation (19), Condition C predicts the absence of reconstruction effects in (12b). The reconstruction asymmetry, exhibited by (12a-b), falls under the minimalist assumptions (incorporating (13)). , a minimization of the restriction in the operator position) is essen- Application of Interpretive Procedures 53 tially a reflex of the formation of operator-variable constructions. This proposal asserts that reconstruction holds only for operatorchains, but not for argument-chains.

Nor is V b =X' C-commanded by any category. Thus in the informal representation (19), we have only the following relations, a proper subset of those in (21): (22) a. Da asymmetrically C-commands Vlikes. and Dit b. Dthe symmetrically C-commands Ndog c. Vlikes symmetrically C-commands Dit These are, by hypothesis, the desired results. However, given X' invisibility, in the resulting representation, neither Vlikes nor Dit is a member of some term (other than themselves) which excludes Spec VP. Although the term Vb dominates Vlikes and Dit, it is by 36 A DERIVATIONAL APPROACH TO SYNTACTIC RELATIONS hypothesis invisible; thus there is no visible term which dominates Vlikes and Dit, and also excludes Spec VP (= Da).

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