By 牧野成一, 1935- Seiichi Makino and Michio Tsutsui. 筒井通雄, ; Seiichi Makino; Michio Tsutsui
Read or Download A dictionary of advanced Japanese grammar = 日本語文法辞典. 上級編 / A dictionary of advanced Japanese grammar = Nihongo bunpō jiten. Jōkyū hen PDF
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This authoritative creation explores the 4 major non-transformational syntactic frameworks: Head-driven word constitution Grammar, Lexical-Functional Grammar, Categorial Grammar, and easier Syntax. It additionally considers various concerns that come up in reference to those ways, together with questions on processing and acquisition.
This quantity addresses the matter of ways language expresses conceptual info on occasion constructions and the way such info could be reconstructed within the interpretation strategy. The papers current vital new insights into contemporary semantic and syntactic learn at the subject. the amount bargains with the next difficulties intimately: occasion constitution and syntactic building, occasion constitution and amendment, occasion constitution and plurality, occasion constitution and temporal relation, occasion constitution and scenario point, and occasion constitution and language ontology.
The critical subject of this assortment is the epistemological prestige of constraints and personal tastes in linguistics. The contributions concentration more often than not on phonology; one article bargains explicitly with morphology. The techniques to phonology represented within the quantity are these of common Phonology, executive Phonology, Optimality idea, autosegemental phonology, and computational phonology.
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Additional info for A dictionary of advanced Japanese grammar = 日本語文法辞典. 上級編 / A dictionary of advanced Japanese grammar = Nihongo bunpō jiten. Jōkyū hen
3 Higgins (1979: 214) maintains that this relation “is not the expression of some kind of identity” and goes on to argue against the equative approach to specificational sentences. However, Higgins does not align his analysis with those involving predication either. He notes that “The whole notion of being „about‟ something is alien to a list”; “a list is neither „about‟ the heading of the list nor „about‟ the items on the list” (Higgins 1979: 214). To cement this distinction, Higgins chooses to discuss specificational sentences, not in terms of reference or predication, but using his own terminology.
In other words, the more properties that are inherited from other constructions, the more we can say that the construction is motivated, A constructional model of language change 21 or supported, by the language system. This means that we have an explanation as to why this particular construction with these particular formmeaning correspondences should be likely to exist in the language. Goldberg (2003: 120) notes that the requirement that every construction must be motivated is “What imbues a constructional approach with explanatory adequacy”.
Here, the landmark is an instance (ti) of a type specification (T), such as the category doctor or Chief of Services. A relation of identity holds between this instance and the trajector (Auschlander) within the domain of instantiation. Specification as (the inverse of) nominal predication 45 Figure 2. The predicate nominative construction (Langacker 1991: 68) On this account then, even sentences with indefinite NP predicates involve a relation of identity, rather than class-membership. According to Langacker (1991: 68), a class inclusion relation is only implied in such sentences.