By Elizabeth Martin, Robert Hine

This significant revision of A Dictionary of Biology, together with over 1,500 new entries, is the main updated biology dictionary on hand. together with 4,000 transparent and concise entries, it covers all of the normally encountered phrases and ideas in biology, biophysics, and biochemistry, in addition to phrases from medication and palaeontology bearing in mind the new advances in those fields. Conforming to the strategies of the Institute of Biology, either in its definition of phrases and procedure of category, this impressive dictionary deals authoritative insurance of present components of analysis equivalent to molecular biology, genetics (including genetic engineering), and biotechnology, and new components resembling foodstuff know-how, geomicrobiology, and glycobiology. it's the excellent reference resource for an individual drawn to this dynamic box.

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The drug is added to a container of agar containing a special strain of Salmonella bacteria that require the amino acid histidine for growth. If the xenobiotic is mutagenic and interacts with the DNA of the bacteria, some mutant strains able to grow without histidine will arise and colonies of bacteria appear on the agar. amine Any one of a group of organic compounds derived by replacing one or more of the hydrogen atoms in ammonia by organic groups. g. methylamine, CH3NH2. They contain the functional group NH2 (the amino group).

Strychnine and coniine, and *colchicine inhibits cell division. e. 4. alkaptonuria (alcaptonuria) An inherited metabolic disorder that results from a deficiency of the enzyme homogentisic acid oxidase, which is required for the complete breakdown of the amino acids tyrosine and phenylalanine. The accumulation of the intermediate product, homogentisic acid, which imparts a dark colour to the urine, damages connective tissue and causes joint disease. allantois One of the membranes that develops in embryonic reptiles, birds, and mammals as a growth from the hindgut.

Adrenergic Describing a nerve fibre that either releases *adrenaline or Page 10 *noradrenaline when stimulated or is itself stimulated by these substances. Compare cholinergic. adrenocorticotrophic hormone See ACTH. adsorption The formation of a layer of solid, liquid, or gas on the surface of a solid or, less frequently, of a liquid. There are two types depending on the nature of the forces involved. In chemisorption a single layer of molecules, atoms, or lions is attached to the adsorbent surface by chemical bonds.

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