By Frantiek Kratochvíl
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Extra info for A grammar of Abui: a Papuan language of Alor, Part 2
This is illustrated in (7). REC). REC). TRANSITIVE (7) a. REC-prick ‘Simon is tickling his child’ b. at ‘I feel hot’ There are three sets of bound pronouns that express arguments with a specific reference. Their distribution is determined by the semantic features of the participants INTRODUCTION 15 such as [±change of state] and [±individuated]. In (8), the U argument of the verb loi ‘put far, chase’ is realized in a number of constructions. (8) a. far PRX ‘the dog over there just barked for something’ b.
PHONOLOGY (32) 35 /ʔ/ /ʔɑ/ /ʔɑ’tɑ́ŋ/ /ʔɑrɛ’mɑŋ/ /ʔɑ’tɑ/ /ʔɛ’tɪ/ /hɛ’ʔɛ/ /hɛʔɑma ’kɑng/ a a-táng aremang ata eti he’e he-ama kang ‘you (2SG)’ ‘your hand’ ‘tribe’ ‘leaves’ ‘shrimp’ ‘yes’ ‘his man, person’ *CV[ʔ]# In sum, all Abui indigenous consonants occur as word medial onsets. Except for the nasal velar [ŋ], all consonants occur also word initially. The coda position is relatively more restricted than the onset position. Only eight consonants are allowed in wordfinal coda position: /t, k, m, n, ŋ, r, l, j/.
Inceptive stems (ICP) indicate events that have an initial point. Completive stems (CPL) indicate events that have a final point. Continuative stems (CNT) indicate events that are viewed as having neither initial nor final point. (11) a. ICP c. CPL b. ICP d. CPL The verbs are divided in three classes according to the morphological properties of the stem as illustrated in (12). (12) CLASS CHARACTERISTICS NUMBER OF ITEMS I. no alternation many II. alternation of the coda a. b. c. d. e. f. k ~t k ~p ng~ n l ~r ∅ ~ r/t i ~ f/b/h/t a.