By Johnny Tjia
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Extra resources for A grammar of Mualang : an Ibanic language of western Kalimantan, Indonesia
Thus far I have not been able to find a valid contrast in word initial position for palatal nasals /ْ/ and /ْ’/. o. o. 1 above. 2 the vowels. 1 Stops Of the stops, only /p, t, k/ can occur word-finally, in which position they are always unreleased. Release of the stops in initial and intervocalic positions is plain, never aspirated. In medial position only voiceless stops can follow nasals. 2. Polysyllabic words are usually stressed on the penultimate syllable. In the phonetic notations stress will not be indicated, unless it is on another syllable than the penultimate.
30 A weakening of the vowel /a/ to [ђ] is also heard in some other (marginal) words, such as in mah [mђh] ‘illocutionary particle’, udah [udђh] ‘already’. Chapter 2: Phonology 45 form pђ- is probably more productive compared to the other two forms and can appear with roots beginning with both a vowel or a consonant, whereas the other two forms seem to be lexically conditioned and occur only before a base beginning with a vowel. g.
Polysyllabic words are usually stressed on the penultimate syllable. In the phonetic notations stress will not be indicated, unless it is on another syllable than the penultimate. ’ voiceless apico-dental stop /cђlap/ /paْci/ /k/ [piaБ] ~ [piyaБ] [apa] unreleased in word final position /idup/ [idѨp⍾] ~ [idop⍾] /tampak/ /kituБ/ [t⍾] 19 [kibaБ] [pakay] unreleased in word final position /buk/ [bѨk⍾] ~ [bѐk⍾] ‘left’ ‘eat’ ‘hair’ There are a few cases in which /k/ and /ց/ are interchangeable in word-initial position; such words are analyzed as doublets.