By Carmen Dobrovie-Sorin, Ion Giurgea
In accordance with fresh learn in formal linguistics, this quantity offers a radical description of the entire process of Romanian Noun words, understood in a longer experience, that's, as well as nouns, pronouns and determiners, it examines all of the adnominal words: genitive-marked DPs, adjectives, relative clauses, appositions, prepositional words, supplement clauses and non-finite modifiers. The booklet specializes in syntax and the syntax-semantics interface but additionally contains a systematic morphological description of the language. The implicitly comparative description of Romanian inside the e-book can function a kick off point for the research of the syntax/semantics of Noun words in different languages, whether or no longer they're typologically on the topic of Romanian. This booklet should be of specified curiosity to linguists engaged on Romanian, Romance languages, comparative linguistics and language typology, particularly simply because Romanian is appropriate for comparative linguistics not just as a Romance language, but additionally as a part of the so-called Balkan Sprachbund.
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Extra resources for A Reference Grammar of Romanian: Volume 1: The Noun Phrase
Maria a venit. Maria as come b. În clasa noastră sunt două Marii. ’ 4. Adnominal constituents Adnominal constituents can be of almost any categorial type: adjectival phrases, prepositional phrases, bare NPs, genitive DPs and pronominal possessors, non-finite verbal projections, finite clauses introduced by a complementizer, relative clauses. In this grammar, each of this Chapter 1. Introduction type of constituents will be treated according to its category. From a functional point of view, adnominal constituents are divided into two groups, complements and modifiers.
Acei trei / mulţi copii those three / many children When they follow a Determiner, these expressions might be considered modifiers of the noun. However, they are distinguished from normal modifiers by several properties: they only appear prenominally (with a few exceptions for which see Chapter 3, §5), they precede other prenominal modifiers and have a fixed order with respect to one another. Therefore we consider that these expressions are heads or specifiers of optional (or minor) functional projections which (may) intervene between D and NP.
Băiatul, bucuros că a câştigat, s-a dus să danseze. ’ c. Ion, cu şapca pe cap şi tenişi în picioare, s-a Ion with cap-the on head and tennis-shoes in feet refl-has dus la primărie. acc aşteaptă acolo.