By Jacek Fisiak, Marcin Krygier

This quantity comprises 28 papers from the ninth overseas convention in English old Linguistics, which happened in Poznan, Poland, in August 1996. The contributions conceal all facets of the heritage of the English language, together with: phonology; morphology; syntax; and lexicon.

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New York: Academic Press. Greenberg, Joseph H. 301-314. Harris, Alice. —Lyle Campbell 1995 Historical syntax in cross-linguistic perspective. Cambridge: CUP. Heine, Bernd—Ulrike Claudi—Friederike Hünnemeyer 1991 Grammaticalization: A conceptual framework. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. —Elizabeth Closs Traugott 1993 Grammaticalization. Cambridge: CUP. ) 1996 Manual to the diachronic part of the Helsinki Corpus of English Texts: Coding conventions and lists of source texts. ) Helsinki: Department of English, University of Helsinki.

The predicate relationship in aobryca, on the other hand, is expressly "[one] breaks an oath". Thus, synthetic compounds are among the most transparent, and Marchand claims that such transparency makes synthetic compounds extremely productive (1969: 18). In Present-day English, almost all verbs can be made into nominals denoting either the agent or the action of the verb as in combinations like apple grower and interior decorator. Presumably the same converting processes were also readily available in Old English, and synthetic compounds would have been easy to form and interpret.

Besides negation we can identify passivity and some kind of possibility. It seems to me that possibility and negation are more strongly linked to each other than passivity is to either of them, and I would take this as a first indicator that the passivity element is less central to the function of ABLE (and ABLE-type suffixes in general) than the other two elements. Negation and possibility both encode the speaker's view of a particular proposition or a particular portion of reality, which puts them into the circle of modality.

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