By World Bank
The vast majority of the world's negative rely at once or in a roundabout way on agriculture. regardless of the powerful linkages among broad-based agricultural development and poverty relief, overseas help to agriculture sharply declined from the overdue Nineteen Eighties. the necessity to bring up agriculture's prominence within the improvement schedule hasn't ever been larger. This e-book seeks to articulate the realm Bank's Rural technique on agriculture to the broader improvement group. It offers selection makers with the reason for aiding agriculture by way of proposing the teachings discovered at the regulations, associations, and precedence investments which can maintain pro-poor agricultural progress.
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Extra resources for Agricultural Growth and the Poor: An Agenda for Development (Directions in Development)
Excluded from the debates that could improve their circumstances, the agricultural poor have suffered from decades of urban favoritism in development strategies. The rural poor have experienced much discrimination, even compared with the urban poor, in access to such basic services as water, health, sanitation, and education. The poor in more remote and sparsely populated areas, and disenfranchised groups such as women and indigenous people, are especially deprived of these services. These various dimensions of poverty are highlighted in the strategies proposed in this report, and special attention is given to their diverse circumstances in the discussion of agricultural megasystems in chapter 5.
In lowincome countries, broad-based growth in agricultural productivity is one of the most effective ways of reducing poverty because it increases the incomes of small-scale farmers; raises the wages earned by landless laborers; and improves the availability, quality, and accessibility of food. Rapid increases in agricultural productivity in areas benefiting from the green revolution, for example, were accompanied by sharp increases in the incomes of poor households. 1). Aside from these direct benefits, increased agricultural productivity also brings strong indirect benefits to the poor by reducing food prices and creating jobs.
3 Per Capita Consumption Increase by Food Group, India, 1977–99 100 Percent 80 60 40 20 0 Pulses Cereals Meat, egg, Vegetables fish Milk Source: Joshi et al. 2002. world is expected to consume 55 percent more meat and 60 percent more milk than they do today. They will also demand more fish products, which cannot be supplied through marine and inland fisheries alone. Aquaculture will increasingly have to make up the deficit. 2), and these growing markets are opening new opportunities for agriculture to function as an engine of growth and poverty reduction in many countries.