By David Strand

In this cogent and insightful examining of China’s twentieth-century political tradition, David Strand argues that the chinese language Revolution of 1911 engendered a brand new political life—one that started to unfastened women and men from the inequality and hierarchy that shaped the backbone of China’s social and cultural order. chinese language electorate faced their leaders and every different face-to-face in a stance favourite to republics around the world. This shift in political posture was once followed by way of massive trepidation in addition to pleasure. Profiling 3 well known political actors of the time—suffragist Tang Qunying, diplomat Lu Zhengxiang, and innovative solar Yatsen—Strand demonstrates how a sea swap in political functionality left leaders depending on well known help and electorate enmeshed in a political procedure effective of either authority and dissent.

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Additional resources for An Unfinished Republic: Leading by Word and Deed in Modern China

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Ancient institutions and time-honored customs began to disappear. A new political world opened up, though its dimensions and nature were less than clear as the weeks, months, and years passed. 55 The founding of the Chinese Republic in Nanjing on January 1, 1912, the thirteenth day of the eleventh month by the old calendar and less than three months after the October 10, 1911, troop mutiny in Wuchang that triggered the revolution, was meant to signal a decisive political transformation. The place and the date of the founding were no accidents.

Scholars traveled to attend school, take the official examination, and assume office in the capital or a distant province. Merchants journeyed far in search of profits. 21 Political activists in the modern era did blaze some new trails—to Moscow, for example, for training in Marxism—but they also followed the well-worn tracks of officials and their agents, merchants, laborers, and mendicants of the imperial era while acquiring, refining, and delivering their political message at an ever-accelerating pace.

Sun Yat-sen was the first Chinese political figure to fully articulate and propagandize the demand for a powerful, democratic, and wealthy China, a signal ideological contribution that buoyed him up through his many political trials and tribulations. 89 Kang Youwei offered a more radical and sophisticated utopian vision of China’s place in the world and in world history. Liang Qichao had long stressed the impor- Strand, An Unfinished Republic 4/14/11 5:39 PM Page 31 Slapping Song Jiaoren | 31 tance of a mobilized citizenry.

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